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La charcuterie : tout un monde

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Thierry Grégori (Fict) et al., Cahiers de nutrition et diététique, 2019, volume 54, n° 5, supplément, 5S5-5S15

Avec plus de 450 spécialités, les charcuteries françaises sont l’expression d’un art de vivre plusieurs fois centenaire, prônant le plaisir, le partage et la convivialité. Elles contribuent également à un apport en protéines, en vitamines, en minéraux et en lipides diversifiés. Pour garantir le savoir-faire d’excellence et la conformité de ces produits, la profession a défini les bonnes pratiques de fabrication à travers le Code des usages de la charcuterie, de la salaison et des conserves de viandes. Cette diversité dans les recettes repose sur la composition des produits et les techniques de fabrication. En effet, chaque ingrédient possède un intérêt technologique, conférant à chaque produit ses qualités organoleptiques et sanitaires. Ces ingrédients sont ensuite mis en œuvre dans des procédés de fabrication historiques, maîtrisés et précis, pour aboutir aux produits de charcuterie.

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Processed meat products: a whole world

With over than 450 specialties, French processed meat products are the expression of a centuries-old way of life, including pleasure, sharing and conviviality. They also contribute to an intake of proteins, vitamins, minerals and diversified lipids. In order to guarantee the excellent know-how and the conformity of these products, the profession has defined the good manufacturing practices of these 450 products through the Code of Uses of the processed meat products. This diversity in recipes is based on product composition and manufacturing techniques. Indeed, each ingredient has a technological interest, giving each product its organoleptic and sanitary qualities. These ingredients are then implemented in historical, controlled and precise manufacturing processes, leading to processed meat products.

2019
Couverture du Porc par les chiffres

Le porc par les chiffres 2019-2020

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Les chiffres clés les plus récents des filières porcines dans le monde et l’UE (production, consommation, cheptel...) et de la filière porcine en France ; les données utiles pour se repérer tout au long de l’année et à avoir toujours sous la main : un outil indispensable à tous !

  • les échanges (import/export),
  • les élevages de porcs (cheptel/régions, commerce et signes de qualité),
  • les coûts des bâtiments, le secteur de l’aliment pour porc,
  • la sélection (truies, insémination, évolutions génétiques),
  • l’abattage (entreprises, classement des carcasses, paiement au TMP),
  • le secteur de la charcuterie (entreprises et produits),
  • la consommation des viandes et la distribution des produits du porc

sous forme de tableaux, cartes, graphiques.

Un fichier powerpoint contenant les principaux graphiques complète la brochure ; les visuels présentant chaque maillon de la filière peuvent directement servir à la préparation d’interventions techniques. Il vous sera envoyé sur simple demande : ifip@ifip.asso.fr

Edition IFIP, 39 pages, 16 X 24

25,00 €
2019

Besoin et offre de financement des exploitations porcines : évaluation en 2019

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Visuels d'intervention présentés par Christine Roguet (Ifip) et Mickael Etheve (Blézat Consulting), Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 37 pages

PDF icon Christine Roguet (Ifip) et Mickael Etheve (Blézat Consulting), Space 2019, 10-13 sept 2019, Rennes (Matinales), 37 pages
2019

Deux projets pour l’analyse technico-économique à intégrer dans la ToolBox

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Visuels d'intervention présentés par Alexia Aubry, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 6 pages

 

PDF icon Alexia Aubry, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 6 pages
2019

Development of a quantative PCR method coupled with PMA to quantify viable Salmonella spp. cells in the pork supply chain

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Sabine Jeuge et al., 13e SafePork, 26-29 août 2019, Berlin, Allemagne

In 2017, Salmonella spp. was implied in 30% of foodborne diseases in France (SPF, 2019). Few data on the contamination levels of Salmonella spp., are available along the pork supply chain. The protocol of the standard method (ISO/TS 6579-2:2012) is time-consuming and culture-based methods using chromogenic media are less efficient for matrices with high levels of back ground flora, and for recovering stressed cells. Along the food chain, the cells may be impacted by various stresses (e.g. chemical or thermal), which may lead to physiological changes and the emergence of viable but non-culturable cells (VBNCs).

PDF icon Sabine Jeuge et al., 13e SafePork, 26-29 août 2019, Berlin, Allemagne
2019

A Salmonella database to monitor and centralize regulatory own-checks results (CE) n° 2073/2005 obtained by slaugterhouse

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Sabine Itié-Hafez (Ministère de l'Agriculture) et Alain Le Roux (Ifip), 13e SafePork, 26-29 août 2019, Berlin, Allemagne, poster

Salmonellosis is a major cause of foodborne outbreaks caused by bacteria in Europe. In 2014, the European Commission reinforced the survey of this contaminant in the pig and pork industry by the competent authority. In this context, French General Directorate for Food required a new system to centralize regulatory own-checks results for Salmonella in pig carcasses.

Document réservé Espace Pro, veuillez vous identifier
2019

Typing and persistence of Listeria monocytogenes strains in food processing environments, prophages identified as major persistence markers

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Benjamin Félix (Anses) et al., Isopol, XX : International Symposium on problems of Listeria and Listeriosis, 24-27 septembre 2019, Toronto, Canada

Listeria monocytogenes is an ubiquitous pathogenic bacterium, transmissible to humans through consumption of contaminated food. It can be isolated from a large variety of food types, in particular meat products and dairy products. Repeated studies were conducted to describe the genetic content of persistent strains (Schmitz-Esser et al. 2015; Orsi et al. 2008; Knudsen et al. 2017; Holch et al. 2013). Persistent strains were determined as such using discriminative molecular methods but remained presumed persistent (PP). Indeed, these studies focused on the presence of already known genes or mobile genetic elements thought to be associated to adaptation/persistence. But, none of them included non-persistent strains that should be used theoretically to validate persistent associated markers by comparison with the strains having this phenotype.

Document réservé Espace Pro, veuillez vous identifier
2019

Predicting the Quality of Meat: Myth or Reality?

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Cécile Berri (Inrae) et al., Foods, 2019, volume 8, n° 10, 22 pages

This review is aimed at providing an overview of recent advances made in the field of meat quality prediction, particularly in Europe. The different methods used in research labs or by the production sectors for the development of equations and tools based on different types of biological (genomic or phenotypic) or physical (spectroscopy) markers are discussed. Through the various examples, it appears that although biological markers have been identified, quality parameters go through a complex determinism process. This makes the development of generic molecular tests even more difficult. However, in recent years, progress in the development of predictive tools has benefited from technological breakthroughs in genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics. Concerning spectroscopy, the most significant progress was achieved using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to predict the composition and nutritional value of meats. However, predicting the functional properties of meats using this method—mainly, the sensorial quality—is more difficult. Finally, the example of the MSA (Meat Standards Australia) phenotypic model, which predicts the eating quality of beef based on a combination of upstream and downstream data, is described. Its benefit for the beef industry has been extensively demonstrated in Australia, and its generic performance has already been proven in several countries.

source : https://www.mdpi.com/2304-8158/8/10/436/pdf

2019

Impact of cleaning and disinfection procedures on microbial ecology and Salmonella antimicrobial resistance in a pig slaughterhouse

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Arnaud Bridier (Anses) et al., Scientific Reports, 2019, volume 9, n° 1, 10 septembre, 13 pages

To guarantee food safety, a better deciphering of ecology and adaptation strategies of bacterial pathogens such as Salmonella in food environments is crucial. The role of food processing conditions such as cleaning and disinfection procedures on antimicrobial resistance emergence should especially be investigated. In this work, the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella and the microbial ecology of associated surfaces communities were investigated in a pig slaughterhouse before and after cleaning and disinfection procedures. Salmonella were detected in 67% of samples and isolates characterization revealed the presence of 15 PFGE-patterns belonging to five serotypes: S.4,5,12:i:-, Rissen, Typhimurium, Infantis and Derby. Resistance to ampicillin, sulfamethoxazole, tetracycline and/or chloramphenicol was detected depending on serotypes. 16S rRNA-based bacterial diversity analyses showed that Salmonella surface associated communities were highly dominated by the Moraxellaceae family with a clear site-specific composition suggesting a persistent colonization of the pig slaughterhouse. Cleaning and disinfection procedures did not lead to a modification of Salmonella susceptibility to antimicrobials in this short-term study but they tended to significantly reduce bacterial diversity and favored some genera such as Rothia and Psychrobacter. Such data participate to the construction of a comprehensive view of Salmonella ecology and antimicrobial resistance emergence in food environments in relation with cleaning and disinfection procedures.

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-49464-8.pdf

2019

SNP-based mate allocation strategies to maximize total genetic value in pigs

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David González‑Diéguez (Inrae et Université de Toulouse) et al., Genetics Selection Evolution (G3), 2019, volume 51, n° 55, septembre, p. 55-64

Background: Mate allocation strategies that account for non-additive genetic effects can be used to maximize the overall genetic merit of future offspring. Accounting for dominance effects in genetic evaluations is easier in a genomic context, than in a classical pedigree-based context because the combinations of alleles at loci are known. The objective of our study was two-fold. First, dominance variance components were estimated for age at 100 kg (AGE), backfat depth (BD) at 140 days, and for average piglet weight at birth within litter (APWL). Second, the efficiency of mate allocation strategies that account for dominance and inbreeding depression to maximize the overall genetic merit of future offspring was explored.

Results: Genetic variance components were estimated using genomic models that included inbreeding depression with and without non-additive genetic effects (dominance). Models that included dominance effects did not fit the data better than the genomic additive model. Estimates of dominance variances, expressed as a percentage of additive genetic variance, were 20, 11, and 12% for AGE, BD, and APWL, respectively. Estimates of additive and dominance single nucleotide polymorphism effects were retrieved from the genetic variance component estimates and used to predict the outcome of matings in terms of total genetic and breeding values. Maximizing total genetic values instead of breeding values in matings gave the progeny an average advantage of - 0.79 days, - 0.04 mm, and 11.3 g for AGE, BD and APWL, respectively, but slightly reduced the expected additive genetic gain, e.g. by 1.8% for AGE.

Conclusions: Genomic mate allocation accounting for non-additive genetic effects is a feasible and potential strategy to improve the performance of the offspring without dramatically compromising additive genetic gain.

source : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6764135/pdf/12711_2019_Article_498.pdf

2019

Alimentation durable et élevages porcins

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Visuels d'intervention par Sandrine Espagnol, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 5 pages

PDF icon Sandrine Espagnol, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 5 pages
2019

Impacts environnementaux des élevages porcins : quels déterminants et leviers d’action ?

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Visuels d'intervention présentés par Sandrine Espagnol, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 10 pages

 

PDF icon Sandrine Espagnol, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 10 pages
2019

Pourquoi PorcProtect ?

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Visuels d'intervention présentés par Isabelle Corrégé, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 10 pages

PDF icon Isabelle Corrégé, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 10 pages
2019

Auto-diagnostic de la biosécurité par l'éleveur

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Visuels d'intervention présentés par Anne Hémonic, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 14 pages

PDF icon Anne Hémonic, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 14 pages
2019

Toolbox des outils simples et pratiques

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Visuels d'intervention présentés par Michel Marcon et Johan Thomas, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 5 pages

PDF icon Michel Marcon et Johan Thomas, Space 2019, 10-13 septembre 2019, Rennes (Matinales de l'Ifip), 5 pages
2019

Modèle de prévision de la production porcine : à partir des données BDPORC

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Bérengère Lécuyer, Baromètre Porc (FRA), 2019, n° 500, septembre, synthèse du mois, p. 8

Les données BDPORC sur les mouvements de porcins ont été mobilisées pour modéliser et prédire la production de porcs charcutiers à un horizon de 1 à 5 mois. La part de la variabilité de la production de porcs charcutiers expliquée par le modèle est supérieure à 60 %. Les écarts entre la production réelle et la prévision sont sensibles pour certains mois mais plus réduits à l’échelle du trimestre.

PDF icon Bérengère Lécuyer, Baromètre Porc (FRA), 2019, n° 500, septembre, synthèse du mois, p. 8
2019

Réalité augmentée : un dispositif audio testé en maternité

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Alexia Aubry, Porc Mag (FRA), 2019, n° 545, septembre, p. 40

Des technologies innovantes peuvent aider les éleveurs à enregistrer plus efficacement les performances techniques de leurs porcs, indispensables au suivi et  l'évaluation de leurs résultats économiques.

2019

Toolbox de l'Ifip audite les bâtiments sur smartphone

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Michel Marcon, Réussir Porc/ Tech Porc (FRA), 2019, n° 271, septembre, p. 50-51

L’application Toolbox mise au point par l’Ifip propose quatre calculettes pour un auto-audit simple et rapide de la ventilation, du chauffage, des équipements et de la conduite.

PDF icon Michel Marcon, Réussir Porc/ Tech Porc (FRA), 2019, n° 271, septembre, p. 50-51
2019

Le led, l’éclairage économe en énergie

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Yvonnick Rousselière, Réussir Porc/Tech Porc (FRA), 2019, n° 271, septembre, p. 52-53

L’éclairage à leds gagne du terrain en production porcine, aussi bien en rénovation intérieure qu’en construction neuve.

PDF icon Yvonnick Rousselière, Réussir Porc/Tech Porc (FRA), 2019, n° 271, septembre, p. 52-53
2019

Use of mate allocation in pig crossbreeding schemes: a simulation study

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González-Diéguez D et al., 70th Annual meeting of the European Federation of Animal science (EAAP), 26-30 août 2019, Ghent, Belgique, visuels d'intervention

One of the main goals in a crossbreeding scheme is to improve the performance of crossbred population by exploiting heterosis and breed complementarity. Dominance is one of the likely genetic bases of heterosis and, nowadays, estimating dominance effects in genetic evaluations has become feasible in a genomic selection context. Mate allocation strategies that account for inbreeding and/or dominance can be of interest for maximizing the crossbred performance. The objective of this study was to simulate scenarios including or not mate allocation strategies in two-breed pig crossbreeding schemes. The different crossbreeding scenarios have been compared in terms of genetic gain (within-breed) and total genetic value in crossbred populations. The benchmark scenario is a crossbreeding scheme where within-line selection is performed on purebred genomic estimated breeding values and crossbreds come from random matings of the best purebreds. The other subsequent scenarios are conceived to evaluate the potential benefits of accounting for inbreeding, dominance and crossbred performances in the genetic evaluation model. Genomic mate allocation is a promising strategy to improve the crossbred performance.

Document réservé Espace Pro, veuillez vous identifier
2019

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